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Penny Marshall, original name Carole Penny Marscharelli, (born October 15, 1943, New York, New York, U.S.—died December 17, 2018, Los Angeles, California), American actress, comedian, and director, one of the first women to achieve consistent commercial success as a motion picture director.
Marshall was the daughter of a dance teacher and an industrial filmmaker. She first performed with her mother’s dance group, the Marshallettes. Marshall attended the University of New Mexico but left after two years to marry. The couple had a daughter but divorced soon thereafter. In 1967 Marshall moved to Hollywood, where her brother, Garry, was working as a comedy writer and producer. He persuaded her to take acting classes and to try a career in film. Garry gave Marshall her first bit part, a role in the movie How Sweet It Is! (1968).
Marshall’s big television break came in 1971, when her brother gave her a small part on The Odd Couple. It was then that she met and married the actor-director Rob Reiner (divorced 1981). The following two years she performed on The Bob Newhart Show. In 1975 a guest appearance with Cindy Williams on the television series Happy Days led to the spin-off Laverne and Shirley in 1976. The comedy, which centred on two blue-collar women (Marshall played Laverne) working in a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, brewery during the 1950s, ran until 1983.
In 1986 Marshall made her directorial debut with Jumpin’ Jack Flash. She followed with the movie Big (1988); a hit with both critics and moviegoers, it recounted the adventures of a 12-year-old whose wish to be older comes true. It was the first film directed by a woman to gross more than $100 million at the box office. Her next film, Awakenings (1990), was based on a book of the same name by Oliver Sacks. Her later films included A League of Their Own (1992), Renaissance Man (1994), and The Preacher’s Wife (1996).
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