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      The Battle of Adwa

      On March 1, 1896, Ethiopian forces routed an Italian army, checking Italian colonial ambitions in Africa.
      What was the significance of Adwa?
      The battle represented the first crushing defeat of a European power by an African army during the colonial era.
      Menilek II
      By destroying a European army, the Ethiopian emperor greatly enhanced his international standing and secured his country’s sovereignty.
      But that wasn’t the end of it...
      The Italians spent the next four decades stinging from the loss. They invaded Ethiopia again in 1935.
      And how did that turn out?
      Italy’s naked aggression exposed the fatal weakness of the League of Nations and helped lay the foundation for World War II.
      The Ethiopians were down but not out
      Emperor Haile Selassie I, backed by the British, drove the Italians from Ethiopia in 1941, making his country one of the first territories to be liberated from Axis occupation.

      Happy Birthday, Yellowstone!

      On March 1, 1872, Yellowstone was officially established as the first national park in the U.S. A nature lover’s dream, it is home to majestic mountains, abundant wildlife, and the greatest concentration of hydrothermal features in the world. While the COVID-19 pandemic has limited visits, the park typically attracts millions of people each year.
      “Wonderland”
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      ? HaizhanZheng—E+/Getty Images
      The Most Famous Geyser in North America
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      It's easy enough to agree that human beings all around the world have certain basic requirements that must be fulfilled in order to ensure their individual and collective well-being. History has shown us, however, that it's not so easy to form societies or communities that fulfill these requirements for all members. The fight over human and civil rights has persisted for hundreds of years and remains alive today, both within the borders of nations and on an international scale. It has led to large-scale social movements and reforms concerning issues such as suffrage, slavery, women's rights, racial discrimination, environmentalism, gay rights, and more.
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      Humans have long pondered not only how we came to be but also why we came to be. The earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world; later philosophers have theorized about the nature of knowledge, truth, good and evil, love, friendship, and much more. Thus, philosophy involves a methodical assessment of any and all aspects of human existence and experience. The realms of philosophy and religion have sometimes intersected in conducting inquiries such as these. As with philosophy, the study of religion underscores how humankind has long speculated about its origins. The possibility of a higher being (or beings) to which livings things owe their existence has long captived human thought. Many religions also offer their own views on the nature of good and evil, and they may prescribe guidelines and judgment on different kinds of human behavior.
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      How can the sky be blue one day and stormy the next? Why do heavy objects tend to fall downwards when dropped? How are birds able to fly (and why can’t I do the same?)? Human beings have long been curious about the world in which we live, striving to identify connections among the phenomenons we witness and to understand how it all works. The field of science has developed over many centuries as a way of studying and understanding the world, beginning with the primitive stage of simply noting important regularities in nature and continuing through the rise of modern science. The modern-day sciences cover a vast range of fields, including biology, chemistry, meteorology, astronomy, physics, and much more.
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      These are the arts that meet the eye and evoke an emotion through an expression of skill and imagination. They include the most ancient forms, such as painting and drawing, and the arts that were born thanks to the development of technology, like sculpture, printmaking, photography, and installation art, the latter a combination of multiple creative expressions. Though beauty is in the eye of the beholder, different eras in art history have had their own principles to define beauty, from the richly ornamented taste of the Baroque to the simple, utilitarian style of the Prairie School.
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